Economy

Nord Stream 2 is at a phase in its development where there is virtually no doubt that it will be completed. The question is what the political and economic costs of launching it will be and whether it will be able to function fully in an economic and geo-economic sense. The outcome of current developments […]

Read More

The Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TGP) project was conceived twenty years ago and in theory is capable of changing the energy market in Europe. However, for a whole range of reasons – from geopolitical to financial, economic and environmental – this important project for European energy security has stalled. And the prospects for supplying Turkmen gas, […]

Read More

In September, Polish government spokesman Piotr Muller announced that Poland was prepared to offer Germany a replacement for Nord Stream 2, which is beset with problems. Poland has decided to use the situation to its advantage and to raise the profile of what is considered an alternative to project – the Baltic Pipe gas pipeline. […]

Read More

After almost a year of suspense, the future of Romanian gas exports remains highly uncertain. Restrictive legislation adopted by the previous government in 2018 remains in force, while new steps to ease gas exports are proving incongruent with it. The Neptun Deep Standstill Perhaps most revealing is the lack of development in the Neptun Deep […]

Read More

A triumphant fanfare was heard in Israel in the middle of the summer: following on the heels of the authorities in Greece and Cyprus, the government had finally ratified the agreement on the construction of the EastMed gas pipeline. The pipeline is intended to deliver gas from the Israeli Leviathan deposit to European consumers.The agreement […]

Read More

The global economy has not simply proved to be in a recession, intensified by the coronavirus pandemic: it is confronted with the formation of new systemic political realities. The sooner these new systemic realities are transformed into a new economic understanding, the quicker and more effective the way out of the crisis will be. If […]

Read More

The Polish government has announced its intention to end its dependence on Russian gas. Its current contract with Gazprom expires in 2022 and Polish decision makers insist they will not extend it further. Under the terms of the contract, Poland currently imports a minimum of 8.5 billion cubic metres (bcm) of natural gas per year from Russia.

Read More

Since the natural gas crisis in 2009 at least, special attention has been given to energy security in the countries of central and eastern Europe. When the dispute between Ukraine and Russia finally developed into open conflict in 2014, concerns over future developments in the energy and utilities sector in the region reached new highs. […]

Read More

Activization of the EastMed Gas Pipeline from Israel to Europe is becoming an important element of developing the situation in the gas market.  In and of itself, the pipeline is a very complex project in a technological and engineering sense, with 1300 km of underwater route. Theoretically, this pipeline will secure European consumers’ access to the […]

Read More

A new serious player is set to appear on the European commodity market in the near future: chemical giant BASF is merging its Wintershall oil and gas subsidiary with oil company DEA. The transaction will probably be closed in the first half of 2019.

Read More